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Arts & Culture of Rajasthan
Every region has its very own dialect of music and dance. The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthan culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads, which relate heroic deeds, love stories, and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis and often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc..Rajasthan is known for its traditional and colorful art.
  Music
  Music and dance are two very important aspects of the folklore of any region. The lyrics are read in a prosaic style. prosaic e. They are not strictly songs and are referred to as duha, soratha etc. Songs, which are more poetic than musical or melodious are called folk poetry.The composition is particularly moving when sung to the rhythm of Kaharwa. this song is hundred percent when sung to this raga.
The other folk songs are 'Indhani', 'Lawarji', 'Jallo', 'Hichaki', 'Olyun', 'Sapno', 'Kurjan' etc. The tunes of these song are melodious and fast that even the rendering of their first times over a stringed instrument makes the audience ecstatic.
 

The Ragas

  The raga's most widely used in Rajasthani folk songs are Bilawal, Kafi, Desh, Khamaj and Peelu.  Some in their pure forms and others in combinations. Many folk songs are tuned in Bilawal and Kafi. The folk songs of Rajasthan have maintained the elements of Indian classical music despite the fact that they are freely composed and sung, knowing no rigid rules. Classicism in music have been framing and improving its form with the help of folk-songs. The famous Mand style singing in Rajasthan is a typical example.
 

Bhajans and Banis

 

Bhajans and Banis are devotional folk songs which are very popular among the Harijans, Chamars, Bhanghis, Balais and Rahgars. Bhajans and Banis are sung to the accompaniment of the ektara, dholak and majiras, in night-long gatherings. Banis are often prolonged by means of an alap. It lends seriousness to the line and helps the audience grasp its meaning. The Bhajans composed by Mira Bai, the great devotee of Krishna are sung with special devotion in Rajasthan.
 

The Desert Region Dance

  The Ghoomar also called Jhumar may be described as the national dance of the women of Rajasthan. It is a collective dance in which hundreds of women can join and dance in giant circle. It is performed on festive days in middle-class families in Udaipur, Jodhpur and Kota Bundi areas.
The Kachhi Ghori dance of marwar performed to the beat of the dhol and turhi by four or five dancers during marriage, presents a scene of warriors riding horses.
  Eastern Region Dance
 

The eastern part of Rajasthan adjoins the Braj region of Uttar Pradesh and probably because of this affinity retains a rich tradition of Ras-Lila, Ram-Lila, Nautanki and other dance forms. The Kanjars and the Sansis are two ex-criminal tribes of Rajasthan whose women are good dancers..The Gher Ghemur of the Sansis is the simplest of the dances, both in content and form. It begins with a slow movement where men and women first dance in two separate lines and then form a circle with man and women alternately. The Kachhi Ghori dance in eastern Rajasthan is virtually a battle-dance in which riders of cloth or paper' horses' moving in a circle strike blows at each other and demonstrate the use of sword and the shield. As the name implies, the dance is a presentation of horse-riding. The horse used in the dance is made of two small bamboo sticks with two baskets tied to each end. An artistically prepared head of a horse is fixed to one of the baskets and a bunch of flex-fibre to the other. The dancer, dressed as a bridegroom in flowing costume and with sword in hand "adjusts the horse" on his waist in such a way as to create a realistic effect. Movements are jerky and angular. These dancers are called in to perform at Marriage. In the Shekhawati area, the Kachhi Ghori dancers of Ganeri, Nechwa and Ramgarh are well known.

  Arts and Crafts
  One of the richest states in terms of handicrafts - the skilled hands of the craftsmen of Rajasthan creates some beautiful treasures. Stone, clay, leather, wood, ivory, lac, glass, brass, silver, gold and textiles are transformed into works of art. From the colorful bandhani prints to the ornate meenakari and kundan jewelry - Rajasthan is a study in colors.Shekhawati is Rajasthan's very own Open Air Art Gallery
The three districts of Churu, Jhunjhunu and Sikar form the mural-rich area of Shekhawati. The walls of the mansions owned by Marwari traders are adorned with some of the most exquisite frescoes, depicting a cavalcade of elephants, horses and camels.Get galvanized to explore the exquisite cities of Rahasthan, this is the charm and power that city of Rajasthan hold.
  The Cultural Fiesta
Without dance, music and fairs and festivals, Rajasthan will be as dry as the sands. The fair and festivals adds the shades of dynamic colour at the backdrop of silvery sands.

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